Chart.js : Create Pie chart with database jQuery Ajax C#

satinder singh / Updated : / 7 Comments

 Pie Chart using ChartJs   This article explains using Chart.js in C# Web Application we can create a pie chart with database MS SQL server connectivity via jQuery ajax call.  You can also have a look on related article Chartjs : simple Pie chart example, Chart.Js : Simple bar chart example using html5 canvas jQuery.

Now in this post here we create a pie chart by using the chart.js library and bind data from our database MS SQL server, with jQuery ajax calling.

Introduction:  Here we are creating a pie chart, which shows data from the database ( MS SQL server).  In my database, I have a table which stores data ( website traffic source info ).

So basically our pie chart data will show traffic source info .i.e. ( how much of page views referral by facebook, twitter, google+, Tumblr etc ).

Chart.js: Simple, clean and engaging charts for designers and developers developed by Nick Downie. It uses the HTML5 canvas element.

It’s supported in all modern browsers, and polyfills support for IE7/8. Chart.js is dependency free and super lightweight.

# Download – Chart.js file and include in Webform

First download and include latest files of the `chart.js` ,` jQuery `library in your web page.

HTML markup under head tag looks like as shown below.

<head runat="server">
    <title>Pie Chart with database ms sqlserver</title>
    <script src="js/jquery-1.10.2.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script src="js/Chart.js" type="text/javascript"></script>


# Html Markup (Design) – Adding HTML5 Canvas Tag

I have added 2 `drop-down` list control to select the year, month, along with a `button` and a  `canvas` tag.

Now on button click will call jQuery ajax, and then on ajax success our pie chart gets generated by using Chart.js library and HTML5 Canvas tag

<select id="ddlyear">
<select id="ddlMonth">
    <option value="1">Jan</option>
    <option value="2">Feb</option>
    <option value="3">Mar</option>.......... ...........</select>
<button id="btnGeneratePieChart">Show</button>
<br/><canvas id="myChart" width="200" height="200"></canvas>



# Code Behind – Ajax call WebMethod and returns JSON format data to create Pie Chart

First, add a WebMethod .i.e ASMX file, and then we write our WebMethod which returns `JSON` format data, I must suggest you have a look at detail article on  Simple jQuery Ajax JSON example in C# with SQL database connectivityIn our `.asmx` file will create a class named as trafficSourceData as shown below.

 public class trafficSourceData{
          public string label{get;set;}
          public string value{get;set;}
          public string color{get;set;}
          public string hightlight{get;set;}


Now our `WebMethod` will pull data from database Ms Sqlserver for specific month and year, and return list of class object .i.e trafficSourceData class list as JSON formatted data, so our pie chart get created using chart.js.

    public List<trafficSourceData> getTrafficSourceData(List<string> gData)
        List<trafficSourceData> t = new List<trafficSourceData>();
        string[] arrColor = new string[] { "#231F20", "#FFC200", "#F44937", "#16F27E", "#FC9775", "#5A69A6" };

        using (SqlConnection cn = new SqlConnection(conn))
            string myQuery = "select * from traffic_data where YEAR [email protected] and [email protected]";
            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
            cmd.CommandText = myQuery;
            cmd.CommandType = CommandType.Text;
            cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@year", gData[0]);
            cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@month", gData[1]);
            cmd.Connection = cn;
            SqlDataReader dr = cmd.ExecuteReader();
            if (dr.HasRows)
                int counter = 0;
                while (dr.Read())  {
                    trafficSourceData tsData = new trafficSourceData();
                    tsData.value = dr["visit_count"].ToString();
                    tsData.label = dr["traffic_source"].ToString();
                    tsData.color = arrColor[counter];
        return t;


 # jQuery –  initializing Chart.js in WebPage

Now back to client side coding, we have already done with the server-side code by creating `WebMethod` which return JSON format data. So now in our Ajax call on success will initialize Chart.js variable.

Client-side code looks like as written below

$(document).ready(function () {

    $("btnGeneratePieChart").on('click', function (e) {
        var gData = [];
        gData[0] = $("#ddlyear").val();
        gData[1] = $("#ddlMonth").val();

        var jsonData = JSON.stringify({
            gData: gData
            type: "POST",
            url: "WebService.asmx/getTrafficSourceData",
            data: jsonData,
            contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8",
            dataType: "json",
            success: OnSuccess_,
            error: OnErrorCall_

        function OnSuccess_(response) {
            var aData = response.d;
            var arr = [];
            $.each(aData, function (inx, val) {
                var obj = {};
                obj.color = val.color;
                obj.value = val.value;
                obj.label = val.label;
            var ctx = $("#myChart").get(0).getContext("2d");
            var myPieChart = new Chart(ctx).Pie(arr);

        function OnErrorCall_(response) {}


Finally, we are done with coding, Now every time we click button our pie chart gets created.


Chart.js : Create Pie chart with database, calling Jquery Ajax

Create simple pie chart with database, calling jQuery Ajax



You must check these articles:

Hope you enjoyed this tutorial. If you have any recommendations, please let us know what you think in the comment section below! See you again next time!

7 comments on “Chart.js : Create Pie chart with database jQuery Ajax C#”

  1. Chaithanya

    Hi Thanks For the example its very clear .Can you help me in How to Show the Legend on the above example

  2. George Abraham

    0x800a01b6 – JavaScript runtime error: Object doesn’t support property or method ‘Pie’

    Any suggestions?

  3. Roopa

    Getting Error in this line:

    var myPieChart = new Chart(ctx).Pie(arr);
    Uncaught TypeError: (intermediate value).Pie is not a function

  4. anwar

    Very easy and good article but i want to download zip file above article . can you provide article;s zip file to download .

  5. helia chunk

    Awesome tutorial.. i was searching for chart.js tutorials for long time now ..
    Thanks a lot
    Explained very clearly. Nice Website

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